Very little cheese or a piece of butter is enough to suppress the feeling of hunger because these are products, which act like appetite suppressants.
Such is the data from a study by scientists from the California University.
Californian scientists have shown that the feeling of hunger, which can make you “wipe out” an incredible amount of food at a weird time of the day, disappears if one eats a little cheese or butter.
The mechanism of this occurrence is simple: by the use of these products the level of the hormone for fullness – holecistokinin grows 20 times. After receiving it, the organism makes the conclusion that at the moment it has enough of all sorts of substances and stops “begging” for food. The feeling of hunger passes. Especially if you wait for the cheese to be fully absorbed.
Products with high levels of fat are slowly digested, leaving a feeling of fullness in you for a long time. Not accidentally, the hunters who had wandered without food for long periods, looking for game, had taken with them raw fat. A small quantity was needed for them not to feel hunger. The people who had to make long marches on foot took cheese with them. The nomads in Central Asia have used hard cheese by putting it under the saddle and making it soft – with the help of the horse sweat.
The study of the Americans evidently shows that the fat, which is contained in the products, not only causes a feeling of fullness, but also stimulates the production of the hormone holecistokinin, also called pancreozimin. This peptide hormone in the animals and in the human, which is discharged by the slimy shell of the duodenum, is one of the hormones that cause the feeling of fullness. It is produced as a reply to the absorbed fat.
Of course, it is not absolutely necessary to eat cheese and butter to feel full. This hormone is also stimulated by the fiber. It is enough to eat some vegetables with the cheese and the feeling of fullness will accompany you longer.
Many science centers work over the problem with the appetite suppression . For example, last year the scientists from the City University of Cincinnati found in the cells of the human hypothalamus a ferment, which regulates the feeling of fullness and hunger. After experiments with rodents, it became clear that when the mice starved for more than 48 hours, the activity of the ferment decreased. Because of this, the scientists began to inject leicin, the amino acid that activates the corresponding ferment, after which the hungry mice lost interest to the food. And vice versa, when the experimenters injected the mice with a preparation, which blocked the newly-found ferment, even the completely full animals “stuffed themselves”.
And last year, a group of Swedish scientists from the University of Lund, working under the leadership of Dr. Jay May, also found a substance, which imitates fullness. The scientists called diamaele. It, on the contrary, slows down the intake of fat and thus prolongs the feeling of fullness. The Swedes claim that their invention is a very promising tool for treating overweight and diabetes mellitus in the humans.