When you are looking for established guidelines when it comes to Hypertension stage 1 treatment then there are a few places where you could look. The professional association of the National High Blood Pressure Education program is probably the best place where you could look. It consists of professional, public and voluntary agencies and they have well written guidelines about medication that is used for treatment against high blood pressure.
When you are diagnosed with hypertension (stage 1) than your doctor could prescribe different types of blood pressure medication. Anti hypertensives come in many numbers and they all have their disadvantages and advantages.
Below you will find the guidelines for common hypertension medicines that are used. However, every patient is different and therefore it is possible your doctor will prescribe other medication than is listed here.
Hypertension Stage 1 Guidelines
When your blood pressure falls in the range of systolic 140 to 160 and diastolic 90-100 than you have hypertension stage 1. Systolic is the highest pressure measured and diastolic is the lowest.
The most common prescribed hypertension medication are diuretics. Another frequently used name for diuretics is water pill. Diuretics will flush away excessive salts and water from your body. This will help lower down blood pressure. Often prescribing this medicine, and changing your lifestyle, will be enough for the treatment of stage 1 hypertension.
Diuretics are found in 3 types on the market. Thiazide is often the first choice of your doctor. The main reason for this is that Thiazide has lesser side effects than other hypertension medication. They will also help prevent cardiovascular diseases like heart failure and strokes. Hypertension is the primary cause of strokes ans heart attacks thus treatment is necessary.
When you have mild hypertension than this treatment plan is often enough to help you. However, sometimes your doctor will advice you some other medications too. He will outline a treatment plan that will reduce the side effects of hypertension medication.
Sometimes diuretics are not helping enough and that is when your doctor will prescribe other medication like Calcium Channel Blockers. Without calcium in your blood vessel muscle cells, they will relax more and this will lower blood pressure.
Angiotensin is another inhibitor. Angiotensines counter the effect of a certain hormone that causes the blood vessels to contract. So it is actually a vasodilator that helps lowering the blood pressure.